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الموضوع: Common Signs And Symptoms

  1. #1
    تاريخ التسجيل
    May 2003
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    افتراضي Common Signs And Symptoms


























































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































    COMMON SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS


    Symptom and Site


    Possible Causes


    Possible Diagnostic Studies


    Appetite Loss


    ( Note: This is a common component of AIDS, cancer, and many other diseases, and must be studied as part of overall condition)


    Depression and other psychological disorders


    Psychological testing


    Digestive disorders 


    Blood studies, GI x-rays, and other studies depending upon underlying cause condition


    Eating disorders


    Psychological testing 


    Belching


    Gallbladder disease


    Blood studies, CT scan, ultrasonography, x-rays


    Gastritis or indigestion


    Possible endoscopy and studies to measure gastric acid


    Malabsorption syndromes 


    Blood studies, stool analysis, endoscopy, colonoscopy, GI series, possible chromosome studies


    Bleeding and Bruises


    Gums 


     Peridontal disease


    Dental examination


    Vitamin deficiency


    Blood studies


    Eye hemorrhages


     


    Diabetes


    Blood glucose measurements, eye examination


    High blood pressure 


    Eye examination 


    Injuries


    Eye examination, possible x-rays


    Nose


     


    Clotting disorder 


    Blood studies


    Injuries


    Possible x-rays and other imaging studies


    Polyps and tumors


    Examination, possible imaging studies


    Skin


     


    Allergies


    Allergy tests to identify allergens


    Anemia and other blood and clotting disorders


    Blood studies


    Cushing's syndrome and other adrenal disorders


    Blood and urine studies, measurement of hormone levels, x-rays or other imaging studies of the adrenal and pituitary glands 


    Leukemia


    Blood studies, analysis of bone marrow and cerebrospinal fluid


    Accompanied by sputum


     


    Lung cancer


    Sputum analysis, x-rays, biopsy 


    Pneumonia and other lung infections


    Sputum analysis, x-rays 


    Pulmonary embolism


    Blood studies, chest x-rays, lung scan, measurement of arterial blood gases


    Tuberculosis 


    Tuberculin skin test, sputum and urine cultures, x-rays, possible biopsy


    Bleeding and Bruises


     Stool or rectum


     


    Colon cancer, polyps, diverticulitis, colitis, and other intestinal disorders


    Colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy, stool blood tests, biopsy


    Fissure, hemorrhoids, and other rectal disorders


    Direct examination, perhaps with an anoscope or sigmoidoscope 


    Intestinal parasites 


    Stool analysis 


    Peptic ulcers, severe gastritis 


    Endoscopy 


    Urine


     


    Cystitis


    Urinalysis, urine culture, cystoscopy 


    Kidney or bladder stones


    Urine analysis, blood studies, possible x-rays or other imaging studies


    Urinary tract cancer 


    Urinalysis, cystoscopy, urinary tract and kidney x-rays, possible CT scan, biopsy 


    Prostate disorders 


    Urinalysis, blood studies including PSA (prostate specific antigen) analysis, possible ultrasonography or other imaging studies, possible biopsy 


    Vagina


     


    Cancer of the cervix, uterus, or vagina


    Pap smear, pelvic exam, colposcopy, biopsy 


    Cervical erosion, polyps, and other cervical disorders 


    Pelvic exam, Pap smear, colposcopy 


    Hormonal disorders


    Blood studies to measure hormone levels, possible imaging studies or laparoscopy 


    Infection 


    Blood studies, pelvic exam, colposcopy, Pap smear and cultures 


    Menstrual abnormalities


    Blood studies, hormone studies, pelvic exam, possible D&C 


    Miscarriage (or induced abortion)


    Physical examination, possible D&C 


    Accompanied by vomit


     


    Cirrhosis of the liver


    Blood studies, liver function tests, x-rays or other imaging studies, possible biopsy 


    Esophageal tear or varicies 


    Endoscopy, upper GI series


    Ulcers 


    Upper GI series and possibly other imaging studies, gastroscopy 


    Cardiac arrhythmias


    (Note: An ECG and Holter monitoring may be ordered to rule out heart disease regardless of cause)


     


    Anemia


    Blood studies


    Anxiety


    Psychological testing


    Caffeine


    Possible blood and urine studies


    Heart disease


     


    Cardiovascular work-up including ECG, Holter monitoring, heart x-rays, echocardiography, possible tilt-table test, and other heart rhythm studies 


    Hypoglycemia 


    Blood glucose tests


    Menopause


    Pelvic examination, hormone studies 


    Thyroid disorders 


    Blood studies, measurement of thyroid hormones


    Constipation


    (Note: diet, inactivity, drugs, laxative overuse, and other life-style factors are most common causes)


     


    Appendicitis 


    Blood studies, urinalysis, possible ultrasonography


    Colon cancer, bowel obstruction


    Sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy 


    Hypothyroidism 


    Thyroid studies


    Irritable bowel syndrome


    Blood studies, stool analysis, lower GI series, colonoscopy


    Cough


     


    Bronchitis


     


    Sputum analysis, chest x-ray, bronchoscopy, possible pulmonary function tests if problem is chronic 


    Common cold, croup, flu, pneumonia, or other respiratory infection


    Any of the above depending upon severity of symptoms


    Cystic fibrosis 


    Laboratory analysis of sweat, stools, and digestive juices


    Lung cancer


    Sputum analysis, chest x-ray, bronchoscopy, biopsy


    Delirium


    (Note: A high fever and many serious diseases can cause delirium)


     


    Alcohol/drug abuse


    Blood and urine studies


    Brain tumor, abscess, or head injury


    X-rays and CT or MRI scans, EEG, possible blood studies, and cerebrospinal fluid analysis


    Encephalitis


    Blood studies, cerebrospinal fluid analysis, x-rays


    Psychosis or other mental illness


    Psychological testing


    Diarrhea


    (Note: AIDS and many other diseases include diarrhea as a symptom)


     


    Celiac disease, sprue, and other malabsorption syndromes


    Blood and stool studies, x-rays, possible endoscopy, and intestinal biopsy


    Colitis, Crohn's disease, and other inflammatory bowel disorders


    Blood studies, GI x-rays, colonoscopy, possible intestinal biopsy


    Food poisoning


    Stool analysis 


    Giardiasis and other intestinal parasitic disorders 


    Blood and stood studies


    Traveler's diarrhea and other intestinal infections 


    Same as above 


    Fainting


     


    Blood loss and shock 


    Assessment of vital signs, measurement of blood volume, fluids, and electrolytes 


    Cardiac arrhythmias, heart attack or other heart conditions 


    ECG, Holtor monitoring, tilt-table test and other heart studies depending upon underlying cause


    Hyperventilation


    Possible psychological testing and tests to rule out other causes


    Hypoglycemia 


    Blood glucose measurement


    Stroke 


    Blood and cerebrospinal fluid studies, x-rays, CT or MRI scans, neurological work-up


    Fatigue


    (Note: Fatigue is a common symptom in many chronic and acute diseases, and must be assessed as part of overall condition)


     


    Anemia 


    Blood studies, possible bone marrow studies, GI studies, and other tests to identify cause


    Cancer 


    Tests depend upon type of cancer


    Depression 


    Psychological testing 


    Infections, including AIDS, mononucleosis, and numerous other diseases


    Blood and urine studies, possible cultures, x-rays, and other tests depending upon site and organism


    Fever


     


    Common component of many diseases, and must be assessed as part of overall condition 


     


    Flatulence


    (Note: Diet and other life-style factors should be investigated)


     


    Colic 


    Possible blood studies and other tests to rule out other diseases


    Irritable bowel syndrome and other colon disorders 


    Blood studies, colonoscopy, lower GI x-ray studies 


    Lactose intolerance 


    Blood studies, lactose tolerance test, possible GI x-rays 


    Malabsorption syndromes 


    Blood and stood studies, GI x-rays, possible chromosome studies 


    Gait Changes


     


    Arthritis


    Blood studies, x-rays, possible analysis of joint fluid


    Back disorders


    X-rays, CT or MRI scans


    Multiple sclerosis and other neuromuscular disorders 


    Blood studies, EEG, x-rays and CT or MRI scans, possible muscle biopsy 


    Parkinson's disease 


    Blood studies, EEG


    Stroke 


    Blood and cerebrospinal fluid studies, x-rays, CT or MRI scans, neurological work-up


    Hirsutism


     


    Cancer 


    Tests depend upon type of cancer


    Cushing's syndrome and other adrenal disorders 


    Blood and urine studies, measurement of hormone levels, x-rays or other imaging studies of the adrenal and pituitary glands 


    Drug side effects 


    Blood studies 


    Polycystic ovaries and other ovarian or hormonal disorders


    Blood studies, laparoscopy, ultrasonography or other imaging studies 


    Insomnia


    (Note: Insomnia is often related to life-style factors such as jet lag or erratic work hours, which must be considered during diagnosis) 


    Alcohol or caffeine use


    Blood studies


    Anxiety, depression, and other psychological problems 


    Psychological testing


    Thyroid disorder 


    Blood studies to measure levels of thyroid hormone


    Itching


    (Note: Itching is a common component of numerous skin conditions that may be readily apparent)


     


    Allergies


    Skin tests and other allergy studies


    Athlete's foot and other fungal infections


    Laboratory analysis of skin or nail samples, Wood's lamp inspection 


    Kidney disease


    Blood and urine studies, x-rays, and kidney scans


    Liver disease


    Blood studies, liver function tests, x-rays, possible liver biopsy


    Polycythemia


    Blood and bone marrow studies, kidney x-rays, radioactive chromium studies


    Scabies and other skin parasites 


    Visual inspection and microscopic study of parasite 


    Stress 


    Psychological testing


    Vaginitis 


    Pelvic exam, Pap smear, possible culture 


    Jaundice


     


    Anemia 


    Blood studies, possible bone marrow studies, GI studies, and other tests to identify type and cause 


    Cirrhosis, hepatitis, and other liver disorders 


    Blood studies, liver function tests, x-rays and other imaging studies, possible liver biopsy


    Gallbladder disease


    Blood studies, ultrasonography, possible CT scan and other imaging studies 


    Pancreatic disorders


    Blood and urine studies, radioisotope scans and x-rays, and possible CT scan of pancreas 


    Lightheadedness or Dizziness


     


    Alcohol or drug abuse 


    Blood studies


    Anemia 


    Blood studies, possible bone marrow studies, GI studies, and other tests to identify type and cause 


    Brain tumor and other brain disorders 


    CT or MRI scans, possible biopsy 


    Cardiac arrhythmia and other heart disorders


    ECG and other heart tests depending upon underlying problem 


    Ear infection 


    Ear examination, possible cultures and blood studies 


    Ménière's disease


    Audiometry, head x-rays


    Stroke or ministroke 


    Blood and cerebrospinal fluid studies, x-rays, CT or MRI scans, neurological work-up 


    Memory Loss or Mental Confusion


     


    Alcoholism or drug abuse 


    Blood and urine studies 


    Alzheimer's disease 


    CT or MRI scans and other brain studies 


    Depression and other mental illnesses 


    Psychological testing


    Head injuries 


    X-rays, CT or MRI scans 


    Stroke or ministroke 


    Blood and cerebrospinal fluid studies, x-rays, CT or MRI scans, neurological work-up 


    Mood changes


    Alcohol or drug abuse 


    Blood and urine studies


    Depression, stress, and other psychological disorders 


    Psychological testing 


    Diabetes 


    Blood glucose measurements 


    Hormonal disorders 


    Blood tests, hormone studies, possible imaging studies 


    Menopause 


    Pelvic examination, possible hormone studies 


    Premenstrual syndrome 


    Pelvic examination 


    Nausea and Vomiting


    (Note: These are components of any illnesses, and must be assessed with other symptoms)


     


    Alcohol or drug abuse 


    Blood and urine studies 


    Appendicitis 


    Blood studies, urinalysis, possible ultrasonography 


    Head injury 


    X-rays, CT or MRI scans 


    Drug reaction 


    Blood and urine studies 


    Ear infection 


    Ear examination, possible blood tests 


    Food poisoning


    Blood studies, possible stool analysis


    Gallbladder disease 


    Blood studies, CT scan, ultrasonography, x-rays 


    Gastritis or indigestion 


    Possible endoscopy and studies to measure gastric acid 


    Glaucoma 


    Tonometry 


    Heart attack


     


    ECG, blood pressure measurement, cardiac enzyme levels, possible cardiac catheterization, and other tests 


    Hepatitis and other liver disorders 


    Blood studies, liver function tests, x-rays, possible liver biopsy 


    Ménière's disease 


    Audiometry, water-caloric test, head x-rays, possible CT or MRI scan


    Morning sickness 


    Pregnancy tests 


    Ulcers 


    Upper GI barium studies, endoscopy 


    Vertigo 


    Audiometry, water-caloric test, head x-rays, possible CT or MRI scan


    Nervousness or Anxiety


     


    Alcoholism, drugs 


    Blood studies, psychological testing 


    Panic attacks 


    Possible psychological testing, otherwise no specific tests 


    Premenstrual syndrome


    Gynecological examination to rule out organic causes; otherwise no specific tests 


    Stress 


    No specific tests 


    Thyroid disorders 


    Blood tests to measure levels of thyroid hormone 


    Numbness or Tingling


     


    Bell's palsy


    Possible x-rays and CT scan


    Carpal tunnel syndrome 


    Electromyography, x-rays of hands and wrist 


    Circulatory disorders 


    Blood studies, Doppler ultrasonography, angiography


    Neuropathy 


    Neurologic studies 


    Raynaud's disease 


    Blood studies, x-rays of hands and feet, possible thermography of hands and feet


    Shingles


    No special tests other than physical examination


    Pain


    (Note: Pain is a common component of most disorders, and must be assessed in context of location and other symptoms)


     Abdomen


     


    Appendicitis 


    Blood studies, urinalysis, possible ultrasonography


    Digestive disorders 


    Gastric acid analysis, x-rays studies, possible endoscopy or colonoscopy 


    Gallstones 


    Blood studies, CT scan, ultrasonography, x-rays 


    Gastritis or indigestion 


    Possible endoscopy and studies to measure gastric acid 


    Gynecological disorders 


    Pelvic examination, possible laparoscopy 


    Hepatitis and other liver disorders 


    Blood studies, liver function tests, x-rays, possible liver biopsy 


    Back


     


    Arthritis 


    Blood studies, x-rays, possible arthroscopy


    Muscle spasms or strain 


    Possible x-rays 


    Osteoporosis 


    Blood studies, x-rays, bone density studies 


    Ruptured disk 


    X-rays, neurological tests, CT or MRI scan 


    Chest


     


    Angina 


    ECG, exercise tolerance tests, chest x-ray, possible angiography and other heart tests


    Esophageal disorders 


    Upper GI barium studies, esophagoscopy, possible endoscopy 


    Heart attack 


    ECG, blood pressure measurement, cardiac enzymes, possible catheterization and other heart studies 


    Heartburn 


    ECG (to rule out a heart attack), upper GI barium studies, gastric acid analysis, possible endoscopy 


    Pleurisy 


    Check x-rays, possible biopsy and analysis of pleural fluid 


    Pneumonia 


    Chest x-rays, blood studies, sputum culture, possible arterial blood gases 


    Pneumothorax 


    Chest x-rays 


    Pain


    Ear


     


    Infection 


    Ear examination, blood studies, possible culture of ear discharge 


    Foreign body


    Ear examination


    Eye


     


    Conjunctivitis 


    Ophthalmoscopy, possible culture of eye discharge 


    Glaucoma 


    Tonometry 


    Foreign body 


    Ophthalmoscopy, possible x-rays or CT scan 


    Iritis 


    Ophthalmoscopy, blood studies and other tests to identify underlying causes 


    Sinus infection 


    X-rays of sinuses 


    Injuries 


    Ophthalmoscopy, x-rays or CT scan 


    Sty 


    Possible culture 


    Tumors 


    Ophthalmoscopy, x-rays or CT scan, possible biopsy 


    Foot


     


    Arthritis 


    X-rays 


    Bunions 


    X-rays 


    Corns and calluses


    Visual examination 


    Gout 


    Blood studies, x-rays 


    Neuromas 


    X-rays 


    Warts 


    Visual examination, possible biopsy 


    Generalized Aches


     


    Flu 


    Possible blood studies 


    Mononucleosis 


    Blood studies 


    Rheumatoid arthritis 


    Blood studies, x-rays 


    Shingles 


    Possible blood studies 


    Head and face


     


    Bell's palsy 


    Possible x-rays and CT scan


     


    Brain tumor 


    Blood and cerebrospinal fluid studies, x-rays, electroencephalography, CT or MRI scan, possible biopsy 


    Dental disease 


    Dental x-rays 


    Migraine and other headaches 


    Blood studies, possible x-rays, CT or MRI scan 


    Muscle tension 


    Possible electromyography


    Sinusitis 


    X-rays of sinuses 


    Stroke 


    Blood and cerebrospinal fluid studies, x-rays, CT or MRI scans, neurological work-up 


    TMJ syndrome


    X-rays of temporomandibular joint


    Pain


    Joint/muscle 


    Arthritis


    X-rays


    Bursitis 


    X-rays


    Strains and sprains 


    X-rays 


    Tendinitis


    X-rays


    Knee


     


    Arthritis


    X-rays 


    Chondromalacia patella


    X-rays, possible arthroscopy 


    Lyme disease 


    Blood studies, possible x-rays 


    Strains and other injuries 


    X-rays 


    Leg


     


    Circulatory disorders 


    X-rays, possible angiography, Doppler ultrasonography 


    Fractures and other injuries 


    X-rays 


    Phlebitis 


    Blood studies, ultrasonography, possible radioactive fibrinogen, venography 


    Shin splints 


    X-rays 


    Mouth


     


    Canker sores 


    Possible biopsy to rule out oral cancer 


    Cold sores 


    Possible culture to rule out other infections 


    Dental cavities and gum disease 


    X-rays 


    Infections 


    Blood studies, possible cultures 


    Neck


     


    Arthritis 


    X-rays 


    Meningitis 


    Blood and cerebrospinal fluid analysis 


    Muscle injury 


    Possible x-rays, electromyography


    Ruptured disk 


    X-rays, CT or MRI scans 


    Throat 


    Cold or flu 


    Possible culture 


    Strept infection 


    Blood studies, culture of throat secretions 


    Tonsillitis or quinsy 


    Blood studies, possible culture 


    Painful Intercourse


    In males 


    Penile warts 


    Possible laboratory culture


    Prostatic or urethral infection 


    Blood and urine studies, possible culture


    In females


    Menopause 


    Pelvic examination, hormone studies 


    Premenstrual syndrome 


    Pelvic examination 


    Vaginitis 


    Pelvic examination, Pap smear, possible culture of discharge 


    In both ***es 


    Chlamydia, genital herpes, gonorrhea, and other ***ually transmitted diseases 


    Blood studies and cultures 


    Psychological problems 


    Psychological testing 


    Rashes


    Allergies 


    Blood studies, skin tests and other allergy tests 


    Dermatitis and eczema 


    Possible biopsy to rule out other causes 


    Drug reactions 


    Possible blood and urine studies 


    Infectious diseases 


    Blood and urine studies, possible cultures 


    Lupus 


    Blood studies, possible x-rays and other imaging studies if joints or internal organs are involved 


    Rosacea 


    Possible biopsy to rule out other causes 


    Toxic shock syndrome 


    Blood studies, possible blood and other cultures 


    Seizures


    Brain tumor 


    Blood and cerebrospinal fluid studies, x-rays, electroencephalography, CT or MRI scan, possible biopsy 


    Drug side effects 


    Possible blood and urine studies 


    Cerebral palsy 


    Electroencephalography, mental function tests 


    Epilepsy 


    Blood studies, electroencephalography, x-rays and CT or MRI scan 


    Fever 


    Blood studies and other tests, depending upon underlying cause 


    Head injuries 


    X-rays and CT or MRI scan


    Hypoglycemia 


    Blood glucose studies 


    Kidney failure 


    Blood and urine studies, renal function tests, x-rays, possible biopsy 


    Meningitis 


    Blood and cerebrospinal fluid studies, possible cultures 


    Poisoning 


    Blood and urine studies 


    Toxemia of pregnancy 


    Blood and urine studies, kidney and liver function tests 


    ***ual Dysfunction:


    Male


    (Note: Impotence is often due to drug side effects)


     


    Alcoholism 


    Blood studies 


    Depression and other psychological disorders 


    Psychological testing 


    Diabetes 


    Blood studies, glucose tolerance test 


    ***ually transmitted diseases 


    Blood studies, possible cultures 


    Hormonal disorders 


    Blood studies to measure hormone levels 


    Multiple sclerosis and other neuromuscular disorders 


    Blood studies, EEG, x-rays and CT or MRI scans, possible muscle biopsy 


    Prostatic cancer and other prostate disorders 


    Urinalysis, blood studies including PSA (prostate specific antigen) analysis, possible ultrasonography or other imaging studies, possible biopsy 


    Thyroid disease 


    Blood studies to measure thyroid hormone levels 


    Shortness of Breath


     


    Anemia 


    Blood studies  


    Anxiety 


    Psychological studies 


    Asthma and other lung disorders 


    Spirometry and other pulmonary function tests


     


    Heart disease 


    ECG, exercise tolerance tests, chest x-ray, possible angiography and other heart tests 


    Hyperventilation 


    Possible arterial blood gases, psychological tests 


    Speech Problems


    Alcohol abuse 


    Possible blood and urine studies 


    Alzheimer's disease 


    CT or MRI scans and other brain studies, mental function tests


    Bell's palsy 


    Possible x-rays and CT scan 


    Multiple sclerosis 


    Blood studies, EEG, x-rays and CT or MRI scans, possible muscle biopsy 


    Parkinson's disease 


    Blood studies, electroencephalography 


    Stroke 


    Blood and cerebrospinal fluid studies, x-rays, CT or MRI scans, neurological work-up 


    Swallowing Problems


     


    Anxiety 


    Psychological testing 


    Diphtheria 


    Throat culture 


    Esophageal disorders 


    Upper GI barium x-ray studies, esophagoscopy, possible gastric acid studies, possible biopsy 


    Sore throat 


    Blood studies, throat culture 


    Strep throat 


    Throat culture 


    Tonsillitis and quinsy 


    Possible throat culture


    Sweating


     


    Anxiety


    Psychological testing 


    Drug reaction 


    Blood and urine studies 


    Fever 


    Tests depend upon underlying cause 


    Heart attack 


    ECG, blood pressure measurement, cardiac enzymes, possible catheterization and other heart studies 


    Infection 


    Blood studies and possible culture 


    Menopause 


    Pelvic examination, hormone studies 


    Stress


    Psychological studies 


    Thyroid disorders 


    Blood studies to measure thyroid hormone levels, possible thyroid scan 


    Swelling and Lumps


    Abdominal


     


    Cancer 


    Blood tests, imaging studies, biopsy 


    Heart failure 


    Blood and urine studies, ECG, heart x-rays, echocardiography, possible cardiac catheterization, possible heart muscle biopsy 


    Hernia 


    Blood studies, x-rays 


    Internal bleeding 


    Blood volume studies, x-rays, ultrasonography, and other imaging studies 


    Intestinal gas 


    Possible x-ray studies 


    Liver disease 


    Blood studies, liver function tests, x-rays, possible liver biopsy 


    Pregnancy 


    Pregnancy tests 


    Uterine tumor 


    Pelvic examination, ultrasonography, possible D&C 


    Breast


     


    Cancer 


    Mammography, biopsy 


    Fibrocystic condition 


    Mammography, possible biopsy 


    Mastitis 


    Possible culture


    Pregnancy


    Pregnancy tests 


    Generalized


     


    Anaphylactic reaction 


    Blood tests, possible allergy testing after crisis is past to determine cause 


    Drug reaction 


    Blood and urine tests 


    Heart failure 


    Blood and urine studies, ECG, heart x-rays, echocardiography, possible cardiac catheterization, possible heart muscle biopsy 


    Hormone disorders 


    Blood and urine studies, hormone levels, possible imaging studies 


    Kidney disease 


    Blood and urine studies, renal function tests, possible scans 


    Liver disease 


    Blood studies, liver function tests, x-rays, possible liver biopsy 


    Thyroid disorders 


    Blood studies to measure thyroid hormone levels, possible thyroid scan 


    Joints 


    Arthritis 


    X-rays, possible blood studies 


    Sprains 


    X-rays


    Swelling and Lumps


    Skin or body surface


     


    Abscess


    Possible cultures, blood studies


    Cysts and other benign growths 


    Possible biopsy 


    Cancer 


    Blood studies, x-rays and other imaging studies, biopsy


    Enlarged or obstructed lymph glands 


    Blood studies, x-rays and other imaging studies 


    Ganglion 


    Possible x-rays and biopsy 


    Hives 


    Allergy tests 


    Infection 


    Blood studies and cultures 


    Taste Changes


     


    Bell's palsy 


    Possible x-rays and CT scan


    Cancer 


    Blood studies, x-rays and other imaging studies, biopsy 


    Drug reaction 


    Possible blood and urine studies 


    Gastritis 


    Possible endoscopy and studies to measure gastric acid 


    Gum and dental disease 


    Dental examination and x-rays 


    Loss of smell 


    Possible x-rays and CT or MRI scan 


    Pregnancy 


    Pregnancy tests 


    Salivary disorders 


    Blood studies, possible x-rays or CT scan


    Thirst


     


    Anemia 


    Blood studies 


    Diabetes 


    Blood and urine studies, glucose tolerance test 


    Fever


    Tests depend upon underlying cause 


    Heat exhaustion 


    Blood tests 


    Malaria 


    Blood tests and cultures 


    Tinnitus (Ringing in the Ears)


     


    Anemia 


    Blood tests 


    Brain injuries and tumors 


    X-rays and CT or MRI scan, possible electroencephalography 


    Colds and flu 


    Possible cultures 


    Drug side effects 


    Blood and urine studies 


    Ear infections 


    Ear examination, possible cultures of discharge 


    Ménière's disease 


    Audiometry, head x-rays 


    Earwax buildup 


    Ear examination 


    Otosclerosis 


    Ear examination, hearing tests including audiogram, Rinne test 


    Vertigo 


    Audiometry, water-caloric test, head x-rays, possible CT or MRI scan 


    Tremor


     


    Alcoholism 


    Blood and urine tests 


    Anxiety 


    Psychological testing 


    Parkinson's disease 


    Blood studies, electroencephalography 


    Thyroid disorders 


    Blood tests to measure thyroid hormone levels, possible thyroid scan 


    Urinary Problems


    Discolored urine


     


    Bladder or kidney infection 


    Blood studies, cystoscopy, possible cultures


    Kidney stones 


    Blood and urine studies, possible x-rays, or ultrasonography 


    Liver disease 


    Blood studies, liver function tests, x-rays, possible liver biopsy 


    Urinary tract cancer 


    Blood and urine studies, x-rays and other imaging studies, possible laparoscopy, cystoscopy 


    Incontinence


     


    Aging 


    Urinalysis, possible nerve and muscle function studies 


    Bladder disorder 


    Urinalysis, cystoscopy 


    Nerve deterioration 


    Nerve studies 


    Spinal injury 


    MRI, nerve studies 


    Stroke 


    Blood and cerebrospinal fluid studies, x-rays, CT or MRI scans, neurological work-up 


    Urgency


     


    Cystitis 


    Urinalysis, possible cultures, possible cystoscopy 


    Diabetes 


    Blood and urine studies, glucose tolerance test 


    Drug reaction 


    Blood and urine studies 


    Enlarged prostate 


    Rectal examination, ultrasonography, possible MRI scan, possible biopsy 


    Pregnancy 


    Pregnancy tests 


    Painful urination


     


    Bladder infection 


    Urinalysis, possible cultures and cystoscopy 


    Gonorrhea and other ***ually transmitted diseases 


    Blood studies and possible cultures 


    Kidney infection 


    Urinalysis, renal scan 


    Prostatitis 


    Rectal examination, possible ultrasonography and biopsy 


    Urethritis 


    Urinalysis and cultures 


    Vaginitis 


    Pelvic examination, Pap smear, possible cultures


    Vaginal Discharge


     


    Cancer 


    Pap smear, biopsy 


    Cervicitis 


    Pap smear, possible cultures 


    Gonorrhea and other ***ually transmitted diseases 


    Blood studies and possible cultures 


    Pregnancy 


    Pregnancy tests 


    Vaginitis 


    Pelvic examination, Pap smear, possible cultures or biopsy


    Vision Problems 


     


    Cataracts 


    Ophthalmoscopy


    Detached retina 


    Ophthalmoscopy, possible CT or MRI scan 


    Glaucoma 


    Tonometry 


    Iritis 


    Ophthalmoscopy, possible other tests to find under-lying cause 


    Macular degeneration 


    Ophthalmoscopy, vision tests 


    Stroke and ministroke 


    Blood and cerebrospinal fluid studies, x-rays, CT or MRI scans, neurological work-up 


    Retinopathy 


    Ophthalmoscopy 


    Weakness


     


    Arthritis 


    X-rays


    Cancer 


    Blood studies and other tests depending upon site 


    Guillain-Barré syndrome 


    Blood and cerebrospinal fluid studies, neurological examination 


    Multiple sclerosis and other neuromuscular disorders 


    Blood studies, EEG, x-rays and CT or MRI scans, possible muscle biopsy 


    Weight Changes


    Unexplained gain


     


    Heart failure


    Blood and urine studies, ECG, heart x-rays, echocardiography, possible cardiac catheterization, possible heart muscle biopsy 


    Hypothyroidism 


    Blood studies, thyroid hormone levels 


    Liver disease 


    Blood studies, liver function tests, x-rays, possible liver biopsy 


    Toxemia of pregnancy 


    Blood and urine studies, kidney and liver function studies 


    Unexplained loss


     


    AIDS 


    Blood studies 


    Anemia 


    Blood studies 


    Cancer 


    Blood studies and other tests, depending upon site 


    Diabetes 


    Blood and urine studies, glucose tolerance test 


    Eating disorders 


    Psychological testing 


    Infection 


    Blood and urine studies, possible cultures 


    Intestinal disorders 


    Upper and lower GI x-ray series, possible endoscopy, and other studies, depending upon nature of disorder 


    Intestinal parasites 


    Stool analysis 


    Malabsorption syndrome 


    Blood studies, stool analysis, possible colonoscopy, intestinal biopsy 


    Ulcers 


    Upper GI x-ray studies, stool analysis for blood, endscopy


     


     مع الشكر لكل من ساهم فى اخراج هذا العمل


    و يجعله عامر

    التعديل الأخير تم بواسطة nabilprofelgen ; 28-09-2003 الساعة 11:18 AM

  2. #2
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    افتراضي

    today I found that I missed the psychiatric sympoms in this collection.
    trying to collect it sooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooon
    No pain , No gain

  3. #3

    افتراضي

    اقتباس المشاركة الأصلية كتبت بواسطة nabilprofelgen مشاهدة المشاركة
    today I found that I missed the psychiatric sympoms in this collection.
    trying to collect it sooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooon
    كل ده sooooooooooooooon يا نبيل
    بقالك 3 سنين و كام يوم بس
    برده مستنين
    فَلا تَرْجِعُوهُنَّ إِلَى الْكُفَّارِ
    http://www.kamiliashehata.com/

  4. #4
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    افتراضي

    موضوع مفيد جدا
    و كلنا محتاجينه

  5. #5
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    افتراضي

    والله انت لازم تشكر ع المجهود الرااااااااااائع دا
    بس انت مش شايف ان الموضوع طول شويه
    لا وايه
    لسه حته ناقصه
    ربنا يوفقك يا كبير

  6. #6
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    افتراضي

    الحتة الكبيرة اللي فاضية في الأول.. عندي أنا بس ولا عند الكل؟

  7. #7
    تاريخ التسجيل
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    افتراضي

    اقتباس المشاركة الأصلية كتبت بواسطة ekm86 مشاهدة المشاركة
    الحتة الكبيرة اللي فاضية في الأول.. عندي أنا بس ولا عند الكل؟
    هى عندى انا كمان
    بس تخيل لو كانت عندنا احنا الاتنين بس

  8. #8
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    افتراضي رد: Common Signs And Symptoms

    موضوع جيد جداً
    أن توقد شمعة ... خير من أن تلعن الظلام ألف مرة


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