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الموضوع: عياداااات المنتدى المتخصصة!!

  1. #101
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    افتراضي

    حساسية تخلي العين ترمش؟!!
    الحساسية بتخلي الجفن يورم مش يرف
    What Is the Difference Between Primary and Secondary Raynaud’s Phenomenon?

    In medical literature, primary Raynaud’s phenomenon may also be called idiopathic Raynaud’s phenomenon, primary Raynaud’s syndrome, or Raynaud’s disease. There is no known cause for primary Raynaud’s phenomenon. It is more common than the secondary form and often is so mild the patient never seeks medical attention. It generally is an annoyance that causes little disability. Secondary Raynaud’s phenomenon is a more complex and serious disorder.
    The most common cause of secondary Raynaud’s phenomenon is connective tissue disease. The condition most commonly occurs with scleroderma or lupus, but is also associated with Sjögren’s syndrome, dermatomyositis, and polymyositis. Some of these diseases reduce blood flow to the fingers and toes by causing blood vessel walls to thicken and the vessels to constrict too easily.
    Other possible causes of secondary Raynaud’s phenomenon are carpal tunnel syndrome and obstructive arterial disease (blood vessel disease). Some drugs are also linked to Raynaud’s phenomenon. They include beta-blockers, such as Lopressor1 or Cartrol, used to treat high blood pressure; ergotamine preparations, such as Cafergot or Wigrane, used for migraine headaches; certain agents used in cancer chemotherapy; and drugs, such as over-the-counter cold medication and narcotics, that cause vasoconstriction.
    People in certain occupations may be more vulnerable to secondary Raynaud’s phenomenon. Some workers in the plastics industry who are exposed to vinyl chloride, for example, develop a scleroderma-like illness, of which Raynaud’s phenomenon can be a part. Workers who operate vibrating tools can develop a type of Raynaud’s phenomenon called vibration-induced white finger.
    Severe cases of Raynaud’s phenomenon—usually of the secondary form—can lead to problems such as skin ulcers (sores) or gangrene (tissue death) in the fingers and toes, which can be painful and difficult to treat.
    1 Brand names included in this fact sheet are provided as examples only, and their inclusion does not mean that these products are endorsed by the National Institutes of Health or any other Government agency. Also, if a particular brand name is not mentioned, this does not mean or imply that
    the product is unsatisfactory

    الخلاصة ان الراينودز ديزيز ده مالوش سبب واسمه primary raynaud's phenomenon

    والراينودز سيندروم ده بيبقى ليه اسباب كتير واقل شيوعا واسمه كمان secondry raynaud's phenomenon
    What Is the Treatment for Raynaud’s Phenomenon?

    The aims of treatment are to reduce the number and severity of attacks and to prevent tissue damage and loss of tissue in the fingers and toes. Most doctors are conservative in treating patients with primary Raynaud’s phenomenon because they do not get tissue damage

    وهو ده ان شاء الله اللي
    عندك.
    For these patients, doctors tend to recommend nondrug treatments
    before moving onto medications.


    For patients with secondary Raynaud’s phenomenon, medications are more often prescribed, because severe attacks with ulcers or tissue damage are more likely.


    In the most severe cases, Raynaud’s causes ulcers and serious tissue damage that does not respond to medications. Doctors may use a surgical procedure called a digital sympathectomy with adventitial stripping (which involves removing the tissue and nerves around the blood vessels supplying the affected digits). While this procedure may result in reducing symptoms and healing tissue, it only helps temporarily and therefore is reserved for difficult cases.
    The most common treatments and self-help measures are described below.
    لو عملت اللي جاي ان شاء الله الامور هتتحسنNondrug Treatments and Self-Help Measures

    The following nondrug treatments and self-help measures can decrease the severity of Raynaud’s attacks and promote overall well-being.
    • Take action during an attack. You can decrease both its length and severity by a few simple actions. The first and most important one is avoid the cold. Warming the body and the hands or feet is also helpful. If you’re outside and the weather is cold, go indoors. Run warm water over your fingers or toes or soak them in a bowl of warm water to warm them. If a stressful situation triggers the attack, get out of the stressful situation, if possible, and relax. While biofeedback and similar nondrug methods are used, formal studies have suggested they are not helpful.
    • Keep warm. It is important not only to keep the extremities warm but also to avoid chilling any part of the body. Remember, a drop in the body’s core temperature triggers the attack. Shifting temperature (for example, rapidly moving from 90 degrees outside to a 70 degree air-conditioned room) and damp rainy weather are to be avoided. In cold weather, pay particular attention to dressing. Several layers of loose clothing, socks, hats, and gloves or mittens are recommended. A hat is important because a great deal of body heat is lost through the scalp. Keep feet warm and dry. Some people find it helpful to wear mittens and socks to bed during the winter. Chemical warmers, such as small heating pouches that can be placed in pockets, mittens, boots, or shoes, can give added protection during long periods outdoors.

      People who have secondary Raynaud’s phenomenon should talk to their doctors before exercising outdoors in cold weather.
      In warm weather, be aware that air conditioning also can trigger attacks. Setting the thermostat for a higher temperature or wearing a sweater indoors can help prevent an attack. Some people find it helpful to use insulated drinking glasses and to put on gloves before handling frozen or refrigerated foods.
    • Do not smoke. The nicotine in cigarettes causes the skin temperature to drop, which may lead to an attack.
    • Avoid aggravating medications such as vasconstrictors, which cause the blood vessels to narrow. Vasoconstrictors include beta-blockers, many cold preparations, caffeine, narcotics, some migraine headache medications, some chemotherapeutic drugs, and clonidine, a blood pressure medication. Some studies also associate the use of estrogen with Raynaud’s phenomenon.
    • Control stress. Because stress and emotional upsets may trigger an attack, particularly for people who have primary Raynaud’s phenomenon, learning to recognize and avoid stressful situations may help control the number of attacks. Many people have found that relaxation can help decrease the number and severity of attacks. Local hospitals and other community organizations, such as schools, often offer programs in stress management.
    • العصبية بتزود السيمباثاتك تون وبالتالي ضيق في الاوعية
    • Exercise regularly. Many doctors encourage patients who have Raynaud’s phenomenon—particularly the primary form—to exercise regularly. Most people find that exercise promotes overall well-being, increases energy level, helps control weight, and promotes cardiovascular fitness and restful sleep. Patients with Raynaud’s phenomenon should talk to their doctors before starting an exercise program.
    • See a doctor. People with Raynaud’s phenomenon should see their doctors if they are worried or frightened about attacks or if they have questions about caring for themselves. They should always see their doctors if episodes occur only on one side of the body (one hand or one foot) and any time one results in sores or ulcers on the fingers or toes.
    العلاج بالادوية انا كتبه بس لاكتمال الموضوع ولو حد عايز يزود معلوماته
    Treatment with Medications

    People with secondary Raynaud’s phenomenon are more likely than those with the primary form to be treated with medications. Many doctors believe that the most effective and safest drugs for Raynaud’s phenomenon are calciumchannel blockers such as nifedipine (Procardia) or amlodipine (Norvasc). These drugs, which are used to treat high blood pressure, work by relaxing the smooth muscle and dilating the small blood vessels. This decreases the frequency and severity of Raynaud’s attacks. These drugs can also help heal skin ulcers on the fingers or toes.
    Some patients have found relief with alpha receptor blockers, which are high blood pressure medications such as prazosin (Minipres) or doxazosin (Cardura). These medications counteract the actions of norepinephrine, a hormone that constricts blood vessels. Effects are reported to be modest and side effects are associated with long-term use. However, preliminary research has found that a more highly targeted blocker for a specific alpha receptor shows promise. This receptor blocker is under investigation.
    To help heal skin ulcers, some doctors prescribe a nonspecific vasodilator (drug that relaxes blood vessels) such as nitroglycerine paste, which is applied to the fingers. Many new agents that vasodilate are being used in cases that do not respond. These include the antidepressant fluoxetine (Prozac); phosphodiesterase inhibitors such as cilostazol (Pletal), pentoxifylline (Trental), and sildenafil (Viagra); and an angiotensin II receptor antagonist (used for blood pressure control), losartan (Cozaar). Patients should keep in mind that the treatment for Raynaud’s phenomenon is not always successful. Often, patients with the secondary form will not respond as well to treatment as those with the primary form of the disorder. In cases of critical digital ischemia (where the blood flow will not return and finger loss may result), intravenous vasodilator therapy is used with prostaglandins such as epoprostenol (Flolan).
    Patients may find that one drug works better than another. Some people may experience side effects that require stopping the medication. For other people, a drug may become less effective over time. Women of childbearing age should know that the medications used to treat Raynaud’s phenomenon may affect the growing fetus. Therefore, women who are pregnant or who might become pregnant should avoid taking these medications if possible. Interestingly, Raynaud’s phenomenon gets better or goes away during pregnancy

    (رَبِّ أَوْزِعْنِي أَنْ أَشْكُرَ نِعْمَتَكَ الَّتِي أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيَّ وَعَلَى وَالِدَيَّ وَأَنْ أَعْمَلَ صَالِحاً تَرْضَاهُ وَأَدْخِلْنِي بِرَحْمَتِكَ فِي عِبَادِكَ الصَّالِحِينَ)

  2. #102
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    افتراضي

    جزاكم الله خيراً

  3. #103
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    افتراضي

    انا كمان عينى اليمين بترعش

    بس انا عندى حساسيه فى عينى

    ONE FAMILY FOR ONE
    WAY

  4. #104
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    اقتباس المشاركة الأصلية كتبت بواسطة Nettawy مشاهدة المشاركة
    يا جماعه أنا عيني الشمال بحس انها بترعش
    الموضوع ده بدأ يظهر اليومين دول
    ياترى ده من ايه؟؟؟
    نوروني
    ده الحكاية دي حصلتلي وفضلت عندي أكتر من شهرين لحد ما زهقت من عيني ، والحمد لله بطلت دلوقتي
    بس أنا فعلا أيامها ما كنتش بنام كويس
    كنت بنام بعد الفجر وما بانامش كتير
    بس بعد ما عدلت مواعيد نومي شوية راحت الحمد لله
    عشان كده أنا بارجح كلام كلمنتينا

  5. #105
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    ده من الحاجة اللى قولتلك عليها واحنا بنتمشى
    لو عرفتها تبقى ولد تمام

  6. #106
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    افتراضي

    ده من الحاجة اللى قولتلك عليها واحنا بنتمشى
    لو عرفتها تبقى ولد تمام
    وصلت ياريس

  7. #107
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    افتراضي

    انتوا بتتكلموا بالالغاز ليه
    لازم اعرف فيه ايه

  8. #108
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    افتراضي

    من عينيا لازم اقولك

  9. #109
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    هو انا مش عارفة ايه الحكاية بالظبط
    بس هما شوية مشاكل دخلت فى بعض

    ومش عارفة احلها
    وخصوصا انى برضه مش بحب الدكاترة اروحلهم يعنى

    المهم نبتدى بالاكل

    ماليش نفس للاكل نهااااااااااااااائى
    وممكن افضل بالايام مش باكل حاجة

    وعندى مرارة فى الفم
    المرارة اللى بحس بيها دى حتى لو جعت بتخلينى ماليش نفس للاكل
    حتى الفاكهة

    بطلت اكلها

    وطلعا خسيت تاااااااانى ويمكن اكتر من الاول

    كان عندى انيميا ظبطتها

    بس بالحالة دى طبعا طبعا اكيد زمانها رجعت تانى


    كمان الدوخة
    وساعات بقى لما اتنرفز لاى سبب
    بحس انى
    قلبى هيقف منى
    ووجع جاااااااااامد فى صدرى
    اخر مرة حسيت مش بوجع
    زى ما تقلوا كدا انى نفسى كان مقظع
    وكان صدرى كدا زى ما يكون هبطاااااااااان
    وفضلت الحالة دى اكتر من يجى 6 ساعات
    نمت قلت يمكن ارتاح
    برضه مفيش فايدة


    انا عاوزة حل لموضوع الاكل دااااااااااااااا

    اللهم ارضنى بما شئت .. اينما شئت
    كيفما شئت
    ويسر لى الخير حيث كان

  10. #110
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    من عينيا لازم اقولك
    اوعى يا سامح
    خلي النار تاكله عشان بيمشي ومش بيركز معانا
    :)

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    طب اختار
    اقوله ولا اقول هنا ع المنتدى؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟

  12. #112
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    دا نت بتبيعني يعني علني كده
    ماكانش العشم

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    افتراضي

    هههههههههههههه
    ده بس علشان بحبك

  14. #114
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    ع العموم ياريس براحتك

    مش بتفرق كتير
    :)

  15. #115
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    علي فكره قالي من زمان يا نتاوي
    انا بهدي النفوس

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    Talking

    اقتباس المشاركة الأصلية كتبت بواسطة mr_azygos مشاهدة المشاركة
    علي فكره قالي من زمان يا نتاوي
    انا بهدي النفوس
    ولا يعرف حاجة عن الموضوع
    دا عايز يوقعكم في بعض علشان حد يعترفله بالحقيقة.......
    وهيهات ان حد قالك الحقيقة!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
    ال هو الموضوع كان ايه اصلا!!!!!!!!!!!؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟
    انا نسيت ....بس والله كنت قاريه في الفورم وسمعه منكم
    الذاكره شكلها اتنسفت؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
    ..............RBJ.............
    .....FRIENDS 4EVER....

  17. #117
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    ولا يعرف حاجة عن الموضوع
    دا عايز يوقعكم في بعض علشان حد يعترفله بالحقيقة.......

    وهيهات ان حد قالك الحقيقة!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
    ال هو الموضوع كان ايه اصلا!!!!!!!!!!!؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟
    انا نسيت ....بس والله كنت قاريه في الفورم وسمعه منكم
    الذاكره شكلها اتنسفت؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
    شكلك بترزع أي كلام
    علينا بردو؟

  18. #118
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    افتراضي

    يا جدعان قالييييييييييييي
    لو تحبوا اقولوكوا

  19. #119
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    افتراضي

    طب انا عاوزة اعرف بقى

    مليش دعوة

    عجباني اوي الصورة دي..

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    على الله يا أزيجوس
    بجد بجد هتندم

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المواضيع المتشابهه

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  4. تم بحمد الله افتتاح عيادات المنتدى المتخصصة!!!
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    آخر مشاركة: 31-10-2007, 06:04 PM

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