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الموضوع: تجميعات لمادة الاطفال

  1. #1
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    افتراضي تجميعات لمادة الاطفال

    Growth and Development


    1- Diff bet. Growth and development?
    2- factors affecting GR and DEV?3- assessment of gr and dev ( soooooooooooooooooooooooo imp ) and the most
    common Qs are:
    - weight at ( 4-8-12m)
    - length/ height at ( 3-6-12m-4y-12y)
    - body proportion at ( 3-5y)
    -head circumference at ( birth- 3 – 6m – 5- 12y)
    - normal mid arm circumference
    - number of teeth at (9-12m)>>>>>> =( age in month-6)
    number of decidous teeth and permenant teeth
    - mention baby development at ( 3-6-9-12m) soooooooooo imp4- def of bone age? ( dr sah- dr az )
    5- mention the ossification center?


    (هدية لواحد صاحبنا_يارب ينفعوه)

    بقولك ايه دول الاسئلة الشفوى الشفوى الشفوى
    شوف قلتها كام مرة
    تخيل بقى التحريري
    التعديل الأخير تم بواسطة broken nonna ; 11-11-2007 الساعة 12:11 AM

  2. #2
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    افتراضي

    SOCIAL AND PREVENTIVE PEDIATRIC

    1- comparison bet. OPV and IPV? dont forget virus excretion and secondary spread
    2- routine vaccination in Egypt?




    NUTITION AND INFANT FEEDING

    1- recommended calories and water in ( 1- 2 y)?
    2- recommended (vit A-d-folic acid)?
    3- advantage of breast feeding?
    4- why 2 breast are better than 1 reast in feeding?
    5- contraindication of breast feeding?
    6- diff bet. Human and cow milk?
    7- humanization (dilution) of cow and buffalo milk?
    8- what is the case in which we dilute human milk?
    9- milk used in formula? ( Dr osa )
    - fresh animal milk especially cow milk not advised before 1 y Why?
    - why there is spread of megaloblastic anaemia in KSA?
    - dried follow milk used after 6 m?
    - dried whole cream milk used after 1y?
    - what is the milk used in PEM patient?
    - dried skimmed milk not used bef 2y?
    10- sequence of food introduction in weaning?
    11-classification of malnutrion ( waterlow – welcome ) ?
    12- KWO and MARASMUS
    - constant signs?
    - bad prognostic signs ?
    - why length not affected in KWO?
    - wh is more serious KWO or MARASMUS?
    - why there is no ascitis in KWO?
    - why there is hypothermia in spite of preservation of subcutaneous fat?
    - why there is skin lesion in KWO?
    - why there is fatty liver infilteration in KWO?
    - why there is continous diarrhea in KWO?
    - hypoglycaemia in spite of increase CHO intake?
    - non nutrional marasmus?
    13- RICKETS
    - def ( vit D deficiency not ca)
    - laboratory manifestation?
    - how 2 transfer M/Mol/l >>>>>>>> Mg% ?
    - early and advanced signs?
    - why 1st rib has no rosary beads?
    - life threatening complication?
    - TTT ?
    - why vit D not taken I.V?
    - diff bet marfan sign and marfan syndrome?
    - diff bet kyphosis in Rickets and in T.B?
    - resistance vit D rickets?
    - non vitamin deficiency rickets?
    - how can parathyroid maintain normal ca level?
    14- hypervitaminosis D?


  3. #3
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    PEDIATRIC EMERGENCIES

    1- steps of CPR?
    2- drugs used in resuscitation?
    3- wh is the first step in resuscitation?
    4- wh u do in case of AC operation and MAS for resuscitation? ( DR Row )

    5- what is the harmful tactile stimuli?
    6- SHOCK ( Dr far ) ? soooooooo imp
    7- glasgrow coma scale?
    8- drug and poison cause coma?







    GENETIC AND TETRAOLOGY

    1- how can u explain that >> both parent genotype and phenotype are normal and there is autosomal dominant inheritance in their outcome? ( 3 mechanism )
    2- autosomal recessive inheritance dis?
    3- autosomal dominant inheritance dis?
    4- *** linked dis?
    5- DOWN SYNDROME
    - genotypes?
    - clinical manifestation?
    - D.D bet protruded tongue in DOWN and CRETINISM?
    - what is simian crease – ist normal?
    - wh is the most common CHD in DOWN?
    - why I must examine genital tract in DOWN patient?
    - DOWN patient is more liable for chest infection >> why?
    - causes of death ? (by age)
    - recurrence risk? ( better classify it by mother age)
    6- mutagenesis?




  4. #4
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    NEONATOLOGY

    1- gestational age estimation and birth weight classification? ( DR RW )
    2- physical characters of premature?
    3- problems of prematurity?
    4- causes of oedema in preterm?
    5- stages of postmaturity?
    6- neonatal birth injury ( DR Ha )
    - difference bet. Cephalhematoma and caput succedaneum?
    - police man position?
    7- TTT of neonatal anaemia?
    8- TTT of neonatal bleeding?
    9- D.D of neonatal bleeding?
    10- swallowed blood syndrome?

    11- METABOLIC DISTURBANCES (Dr Mo )
    - clinical manifestation of IDM?
    - causes of hypoglycemia?
    - D.D of IDM with seizures? ( 3 hypo )
    12- neonatal hyperbilirubinaemia ( Dr Rw)
    - causes of indirect hyperbilirubinaemia?
    - exclusion criteria for physiological jaundice?
    - breast milk jaundice?
    - in what I suspect in case of RH+v father and RH-ve mother with yellow baby in her 1st pregnancy ? ( 2 suspection )
    - site of exchange transfusion?
    - indication of phenobarbitol?
    - mechanism – side effects of phototherapy?
    - what u can do in case of breast milk J and RH-ve mother?
    13- level – stages of kernicterus?
    14- what is the most serious effect kernicterus?
    15- APGAR score?
    16- steps of neonatal resuscitation and drug used?
    17- causes of res distress ? ( dr mo)
    18- what the precaution bef delivery in RDS?
    19- D.D of RDS?
    20- signs of MAS?
    21- TTT of MAS?
    22- signs – D.D of neonatal pneumonia?
    23- Sarnat classification of HIE?

    24- stages and TTT os NEC?
    25- stages of MAS?
    26- causes of neonatal seizures?
    27- Vit B6 and 1st week seizures ( causes- diagnosis – TTT)?( Dr elm)
    28- types of neonatal sepsis?
    29- prevention of infection in newborn?
    30- why neonate cant respond effectively 2 infection?
    31- c/p of sepsis?
    32- surgical emergencies in newborn?

  5. #5
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    افتراضي

    IMMUNOLOGY

    1- subgroup of JRA?




    INFECTIOUS DISEASE

    1- TTT of meningitis- typhoid- pertussis- mumps?
    2- D.D of maculopapular rash? ( Dr Rw )






    GASTRO-INTESTINAL DISEASES

    1- def of acute-persistent-chronic diarrhea?
    2- diff bet secretory and inflammatory diarrhea?
    3- causes of diarrhea? ( make stress on extraintestinal diarrhea?
    4- associated acid base and electrolyte disturbance?
    5- types of dehydration?
    6- why there is preserved skin elasticity in hypertonic dehydration inspite of water shift from intra 2 extracellular ? (sooo imp)
    7- assessment of degree of dehydration?
    8- ORS?
    9- warning signs of dehydration?
    10- amount of ORS in plan A-b?
    11- كبايه المحلول فيها كام سم؟
    12- when I give AB in diarrhea?

    13- complication of acute diarrhea? ( soooooo imp )
    14- DISAESES OF LIVER ( Dr sal Am )
    - fisting sign
    - signs of fulminant hepatitis?
    - HBV serological test ( be awrae of window gap ) sooooooo imp
    - when HEV is so dangerous?
    - when fulminant hepatitis occur in HDV?
    - incubation period – mode of transmition of HV?
    - extrahepatic biliary atresia?
    - TTT of bilharziasis?




    RESPIRATORY SYSTEM DISEASES

    1- croup >>>>> def- causes-TTT?
    2- acute epiglottitis >>>>> cause-c/p-D.D?
    3- acute bronchiolitis >>>>> def- cause- complication – investigation?
    4- why bronchiodilator are less effective in TTT of acute bronchiolitis rather than bronchial asthma? ( sooooooooooo imp )
    5- BRONCHIAL ASTHMA
    - how u can pick up patient with mild attack? ( Dr Nab )
    - what is the best sport can patient with mild attack practice and WHY?
    - classification of asthma? ( 2 tables )
    - how u can pick up patient with pneumothorax while u pass in hospital? ( Dr Elk )
    - specific TTT?
    6- pneumonia
    - Differentiate bet lobar- bronchopneumonia? ( don’t forget age )
    - characterstic triad ?
    - complication ?
    - def- causes of unresolved pneumonia ? ( Dr Nab )
    - diagnosis ?
    - AB therapy? Sooooooo imp

    7- PLEURAL DISEASES
    - normal pleural fluid = ?
    - normal pleural fluid protein =?
    - in which I think first in case of pleurisy+ collagen disease and WHY?
    - indication of intercostals tube in pleural effusion?
    - types of pleural effusion? ( table )
    8- T.B
    - tuberculin test
    - c/p
    - how 2 diagnose T.B? ( don’t forget gastric aspiration if there is no sputum)
    - antituberculous drug?




  6. #6
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    افتراضي

    مش عارفة ليه افتكرت نفسي وانا باطلع جبنة من العلبة و ادخل ايدي جوه الميه عشان اجيب الجبنة؟؟؟؟
    مع انى باطلعها دلوقتى بالمساكة
    ازاى الاولاد ؟

    وانا كمان ;)

  7. #7
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    افتراضي

    تااااخد سندوتش كيري

  8. #8
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    افتراضي

    HAEMATOLOGY

    1- normal values? ( soooooooooooooooooooo imp )
    2- causes of physiological anaemia?

    3- IRON DEFICIENCY ANAEMIA
    - iron in milk = ?
    - full term has ….. mg iron and sufficient for …… m
    - ….. mg iron >>>>> for 1kg body weight
    - most common causes ?
    - lab diagnosis?
    - causes of normocytic normochromic anaemia?

    4- causes of haemolytic anaemia?
    5- causes of G6PD anaemia?
    6- in case of malarial infection + G6PD anaemia >>> how can I TTT?
    7- how can u explain that ( Dr sal Am )
    - الام تطبخ عدس والطفل يحصله تكسير فى خلايا الدم الحمراء بدون مايأكل اذاى؟
    8- wh is the most dangerous green beans or cooked beans – and WHY?
    9- is there splenomegally in sickle cell anaemia and WHY?
    10- c/p of sickle cell anaemia?
    11- indication of bl transfusion in sickle cell anaemia?
    12- why I TTT sickle cell anaemia by increase HBf?

    13- do u know other hemoglobinopathies? ( sooo imp )
    14- unstable HB variant? ( sooo imp )
    15- SURE TEST OF
    - iron drficiency anaemia ?
    - G6PD deficien
    16- THALASSEMIA
    - why there is compensatory increase in HBF IN THALASSEMIA? ( Dr Moh Els )
    - BM aspiration is not indicated in thalassemia BUT when I do it?
    - indication and precaution of splenectomy ?
    - why I do splenectomy after the age of 5y?
    - D.D ?
    - complication ?
    17- LEUKAEMIA
    - FAB classification?
    - complication?
    - CBC and BM in leukaemia?
    - why I don’t use chemotherapy in hyperleucocytosis?
    - prognositic factors( soooooooooooooooooo imp )
    18- LYMPHOMA
    - classification ?
    - the main diff bet lymphoma and leukaemia?
    19- complication of bl transfusion? ( soooooo imp )
    cy anaemia
    - thalassemia

    20- types of hmapharesis ?
    21- diff bet purpuric spot and flea bite?
    22- ITP may show pallor in case of …….?
    23- c/p- investigation – D.D – why I do splenectomy inspite of no splenomegally of ITP?
    24- c/p of HENOCH-SCHONLEIN purpura? ( soooooo imp )
    25- pancytopenia?
    26- what do u know about autologus transfusion- recombinant HB?(SOOOOO IMP)
    27- how 2 examine L.N ? ( Dr Moh Elsh )
    28- types of lymphadenopathy? ( Dr Moh Elsh )
    29- when I suggest lymphadenopathy Is imp or not? ( Dr Moh Elsh )


  9. #9
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    افتراضي

    CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES

    1- CONGENITAL HEART DISEASES
    - c/p of TOF?
    - complication of TOF?
    - when congestive heart failure occur in TOF ? ( Dr Mos Far )
    - D.D bet cardiac and pulmonary cyanosis?
    - TTT of blue spells? ( Dr Osa )
    - complication of VSD?
    - indication of surgical correction in VSD?
    - TTT of eissenmenger sundrome?

    2 - RHEUMATIC FEVER
    - jones criteria?
    - SHOHEIBS classification ? ( Dr Sho )
    - criteria of active carditis?
    - criteria of RH arthritis
    - D.D bet RH arthritis and normal arthritis?
    - D.D bet RH nodules and osler nodule?
    - lab diagnosis?
    - TTT and prophylaxis?
    3- c/p and TTT of congestive H F?
    4- CARDIAC ARRYTHMIA
    - classification ? ( Dr Amr )
    - c/p of SVT?
    - how 2 differentiate bet SVT and viral myocarditis?
    - degrees of heart block?

    5- SYSTEMIC HYPERTENSION
    - causes of 2ry hypertension?
    - causes of hypertension according 2 age?
    - drugs used in TTT?

    6- INFECTIVE ENDOCARDITIS
    - c/p?
    - how can i diagnose it?
    - prevention ?
    - AB should be given .......?
    - druge used?





    NEPHROLOGY

    1- MINIMAL CHANGE DISEASE
    - age?
    - what u see under electron microscope?
    - c/p?
    - diagnosis?
    - TTT?
    - اعرف منين ان الطفل بيتحسن على العلاج

    2- APSGN
    - C/P?
    - diagnosis?
    - امتى اخلى الطفل يقوم من السرير
    - امتى اخلى الطفل يروح المدرسه
    - امتى اخلى الطفل يلعب عادى
    - TTT?
    3- causes and TTT os renal failure?
    4- drugs used in urinary tract infection?








    ENDOCRINE AND METABOLISM

    1- causes- c/p of cretinism?
    2- TTT of DKA?





    NEUROLOGY
    1- FEBRILE CONVULSION
    - def?
    - typical – atypical seizures?
    - risk for development of epilepsy?
    - is it autosomal dominant or recessive dis?
    - when I do EEG?
    2- EPILEPSY
    - classification?
    - antiepileptic drugs?
    - def- TTT of status epilepticus?
    3- signs of UMNL – LMNL?4- C.p ( sooooooooooooooooo imp )
    - def- causes?
    - early detection – late detection? ( Dr Tar )
    - clinical types?
    - management ( he wants the word of TEAMWORKING )
    5- M.R
    - def
    - causes?
    - grades- prevention?
    6 - FLOPPY INFANT SYNDROME
    - criteria?
    - causes?
    7- D.D bet myopathy and atonic C.P? ( Dr Aza )





  10. #10
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    افتراضي

    والله احساس اللى بيطلع جبنة من العلبة
    او اللى بيتزحلق في الطينة في الشتا
    مش عارفة ايه العلاقة بين الاحاسيس دي والموضوع
    بس والله حاسة كده




    على العموم بالتوفيق يا نونو
    ازاى الاولاد ؟

    وانا كمان ;)

  11. #11
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    افتراضي

    هيكرهنى ابو المعاااااااااطي

    تستاهل عشان تبقى تطلب منى حاجة تانى

    بص عليك بقى و على اقرب نت كافييه و برينتر بقى ووزع يالا
    ربنا يديك على قد نيتك


    سيبتك بعافية

  12. #12
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    افتراضي

    فهميني يعنى ايه الاحاسيس ده وانا اقولك علاقتها يا كوكو

  13. #13
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    افتراضي

    طب استنى بس متزعليش
    ازاى الاولاد ؟

    وانا كمان ;)

  14. #14
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    افتراضي

    ازعل من مين
    منك يا كلمنتينا عيـــــب

  15. #15
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    افتراضي

    .

    ازاى الاولاد ؟

    وانا كمان ;)

  16. #16
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    افتراضي

    لو زى حالاتي ما بتاخدوش دروس


    ده عملى اطفال فيديو



    some videos of clinical pediatrics

    arm recoil
    http://www.zshare.net/video/arm-recoil-mov.html

    galant reflex
    http://www.zshare.net/video/galant-reflex-mov.html

    grasp reflex
    http://www.zshare.net/video/grasp-reflex-mov.html

    head circumference
    http://www.zshare.net/video/head-circumference-mov.html

    heal to ear
    http://www.zshare.net/video/heal-to-ear-mov.html

    heal to ear 2
    http://www.zshare.net/video/heal-to-ear-2-mov.html

    hypotonia 1
    http://www.zshare.net/video/hypotonia-mov.html

    hypotonia 2
    http://www.zshare.net/video/hypotonia-2-mov.html

    hypotonia 3
    http://www.zshare.net/video/hypotonia-3-mov.html

    hypotonia 4
    http://www.zshare.net/video/hypotonia-4-mov.html

    hypotonia 5
    http://www.zshare.net/video/hypotonia-5-mov.html

    hypotonia 6
    http://www.zshare.net/video/hypotnia-6-mov.html

    knee jerk
    http://www.zshare.net/video/knee-jerk-mov.html

    moro reflex
    http://www.zshare.net/video/moro-reflex-mov.html


    neonatal seizuers
    http://www.zshare.net/video/neonatal-seizures-mov.html

    normal ms tone
    http://www.zshare.net/video/normal-ms-tone-mov.html

    normal ms tone 2
    http://www.zshare.net/video/normal-ms-tone-2-mov.html

    normal neurologic evaluation
    http://www.zshare.net/video/normal-n...ation-mov.html

    popliteal angle
    http://www.zshare.net/video/popliteal-angle-mov.html

    scarf sign
    http://www.zshare.net/video/scarf-sign-mov.html

    stepping reflex
    http://www.zshare.net/video/stepping-reflex-mov.html

    stepping 2
    http://www.zshare.net/video/stepping-2-mov.html

    sucking and rooting reflexes
    http://www.zshare.net/video/sucking-...lexes-mov.html

  17. #17
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