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Anatomy & X-rays

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  • #16

    <HR style="COLOR: #d1d1e1" SIZE=1> <!-- / icon and title --><!-- message -->
    al salmo alekom w rahmt allah w barakato
    i hope u r well all
    plz goooo ssssssoooooooo early gamel
    supracondylar fracture of humerous
    cancer rt colon
    pancreatic pseudo cyst
    tension pnuemothorax
    transfemoral aortography
    rt stag horn stone
    ulnar nerve
    psoas major
    lateral popliteal neve
    rbna ma3ana gme3n insha allah

    أحبك في الله يا ZMZ


    • #17
      Shabab teb
      ahmed abdelazem abdelazem

      1-trans-femoral angiography
      <?xml:namespace prefix = o ns = "urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office" /><o:p>
      2-fracture femur
      <o:p>3-ct- liver</o:p>
      4-renal stone
      6-sub dural haematoma
      7-intestinal obstruction
      <o:p>8-sliding h.h</o:p>
      1-brachial artery
      <o:p><o:p>4-femoral artery<o:p></o:p></o:p></o:p>

      أحبك في الله يا ZMZ


      • #18
        Shabab teb
        ossama rafik
        x ray :

        1) pneumothorx
        -immediate drianage is containdicated as it may lead to collapse
        -thoracotomy is indicated

        2) angio (sup. femoral block)
        -the best ttt is thromboendartrectomy
        -this is burger disease

        3) fracture shaft femur
        -int. fixation is the only line of ttt
        -this is path. fracture
        -the pt is a child
        -the fracture ends are impacted

        4) sliding hiatus hernia
        -main complaint is dysphagia
        -conservative ttt for uncomplicated cases
        -may lead to barret's esoph.

        5) CT abdomen (ghaleban hepatoma...not sure !)
        -the liver is cirrhotic
        -there's evidence of malignancy
        -there's aneurysm of aorta
        -there's ascites

        6) Extradural hematoma
        -severe trauma causes it
        -middle meningeal artery inj.
        -burr hole exploration is needed

        7) IVU (ureter masdood on RT side....bladder full...other kidney not
        -delay on rt side due to ureteric obst.
        -the RT kidney is functioning
        -there's BPH
        -this condition may be due to minute stones in ureter

        8) colonic obst.
        -may be due to paralytic ileus

        1) brachial artery
        -it begins at lower border of teres major
        -injury may lead to volkman's isch. cont.
        -Profunda brachii is largest branch
        -is related directly to spiral groove

        2) femoral artery
        -continuation of ext. iliac artery
        -profunda femoris is the largest branch
        -surface anatomy upper 2/3 from mid inguinal point to adductor tubercle

        3) Liver

        4) thyroid
        - it takes blood supply from ICA

        da elli ana fakro....good luck

        أحبك في الله يا ZMZ


        • #19
          Shabab teb
          rita kelada

          here are some more qs:

          cancer colon:endoscopy is helpful
          rt hemothorax:gas shadow is in oesophagus
          median n:supplies the whole fds
          short saphenous:closely related to saphenous n in leg

          أحبك في الله يا ZMZ


          • #20
            Shabab teb
            khaled eissa

            GROUP 2 XRRAY

            1) dislocation c1 vertebrae

            this is dislocation of c5
            this condition may lead to hypovoleamic shock
            pure dislocation can occur in spine without fracture
            itubation may inrcrease the severity of the condition

            2)common iliac artery stenosis

            this radiological inv, is not invasive
            this radiological inv is done for patients with rest pain
            this condition can be treated by angioplasty
            the patien is osteoporotic

            3) coin shaped shadow in the chest

            the trachea is central
            this shadow can be caused by enalrged hilar l.n
            this shadow can be caused by bronchial adenoma
            this shadow can be caused by bronchial carcinoma
            this plain xray

            4)ant. urethral injury
            the main complaint is burning micturition
            the ttt is suprabupic tube
            this condition is caused by trauma to perineum
            this can cause ant. abdominal swelling

            5)pyloric cancer
            this is liomyoma
            the next step is endoscopy and biopsy
            the prognosis is good as it`s discovered early
            the pylorus is completely obstructed

            6)cander hepatic flexure
            this condition commonly causes metastases in bone
            there cancer in hepatic flexure

            this patien receives dye IV
            the best ttt is eswl
            the gall bladder is visualized
            the pancreatic duct is visualized and dilated

            8)cervical rib
            the patient have tingling on the lateral side of the arm
            tis is cervical rib
            all patients should have surgery

            9) pectoralis major muscle
            can bu used in myocutanous flap
            devide the axillary artery into 3 parts
            inserted into the lesser trochanter of the humerus
            supplied by thoracodorsal n.

            10)rectus abdominus
            the ant. fascia is incomplete
            the post fascia is adherent
            the nerve supply is from lat side
            forms the post border of inguinal canal
            can be used in reconstruction of the breast

            11)middle meningeal artery
            injurdy can cause hypovoleamic shock
            supplies the temporal lobe of the brain
            can be injuried by blow to the lat side of the skull
            enters the skull throw foramen ovale

            12)scaitic n.
            arises from sacral plexus
            supplies adducor magnu
            injury causes complete sensory loss below knee
            injury causes complete motor loss below knee

            aham 7agat abl el exam
            1. ed3ooooly
            2. be so calm believe me feeh nas 3amalt fatal mistakes 3ashan kant irritable
            3. ed3oooooly bardo
            4. rak3eteen beleeel we abl el exam the best way to be calm

            أحبك في الله يا ZMZ


            • #21
              Shabab teb
              omar abdo

              1-Fracture tibia with external fixation
              a-This type of fixation is by plate & screws
              b-This is a pathological fracture.
              c-The fixation is done away from the wound
              d-There's evidence of good union
              a-There's bilateral block of I I A at their origins.
              b-There's a short stenotic segment in the Right C I A.
              c-PTA can be used in this condition.
              d-There's allergy to the substance used.
              e-There was an arrow referring to the left renal artery.
              3-Trauma victim
              a-There's air under diaphragm in the right side indicating rupture of the viscus.
              b-There's haemothorax.
              c-There's evidence of surgical emphysema.
              d-The arrow refers to gastric air bubble.
              a-This x-ray is done with use of I.V. contrast material.
              b-This's a malignant lesion.
              c-FNC is the next step.
              d-This investigation may be done as a screening for asymptomatic females.
              e-Clinically, They present with a painless lump.
              5-Diverticular disease of the colon
              a-It's precancerous
              b-It may present by acute bleeding per rectum.
              c-It may perforate.
              6-benign gastric ulcer:
              a-There's irregular persistent filling defect in the greater curvature.
              b-This's the commonest site for ulcer.
              c-Gastroscopy and biopsy is indicated.
              d-This study is done in head-down position.
              e-This's stomach isn't dilated.
              7-Multiple UT stones:
              a-This's hypopara. .
              b-There's a stag horn stone in the right kidney.
              c-It's a phosphate stone
              d-It commonly forms in infected urine.
              e-This gases in the colon indicates bad preparation.
              a-This patient has hyperbilirubinemia mainly conjugated type.
              b-Acute pancriatitis is a possible complication.
              c-Acute cholangitis is a possible complication.
              d-There's dilatation in extra&intrahepatic ducts due to CBD obstruction.

              1-Ulnar nerve:
              a-It supplies one half of FCU.
              b-It passes between 2 heads of pronator teres.
              c-It supplies Triceps M.
              d-It supplies hypothener M.
              2-Middle meningeal A. :
              a-It runs on the inner surface of the dura.
              b-It's divided into ant. & post. branches.
              c-It arises from the internal carotid A.
              d-Pterion is formed of 4 bones (frontal-parietal-squamous part of temporal- greater wing of sphenoid).
              3-Right kidney:
              a-It's related anteriorly to the pylorus.
              b-It's related posteriorly to the quadratus lumborum M.
              c-It's related posteriory to the diaphragm.
              d-Renal A. arises from Aoarta at level ol L2.
              e-It recieves ipsilateral adrenal & gonadal veins.
              4-Sciatic N. :
              a-Its root value is L4,5 & S1,2,3
              b-It leaves the pelvis through greater sciatic notch.
              c-It arises above piriforms M.
              d-It supplies semitendenosus M.
              e-It supplies Adductor longus M.

              أحبك في الله يا ZMZ


              • #22
                jars.opertive urgentttttttttttttttttt

                did any one know any thing about opertive exam????????//


                • #23
                  السلام عليكم و رحمة الله و بركاته


                  You can find questions on operative exam in this thread

                  بالتوفيق ان شاء الله

                  أحبك في الله يا ZMZ


                  • #24


                    • #25
                      Xray , Cases , operative , Instruments , etc......

                      solve all items


                      • #26
                        Xray , Cases , operative , Instruments , etc......



                        • #27
                          الان يا اخوانى بدأت مهمتنا
                          سندافع عن رسول الله
                          صلى الله عليه وسلم
                          سنطرق ابواب العالم
                          نعرف هؤلاء الخنازير الذين تطاولوا على محمد
                          صلى الله عليه وسلم
                          من هو محمد؟؟؟
                          مهمة كل مسلم
                          مهمة كل من يقول ..
                          لا اله الا الله
                          ها هى المهمة
                          .... المهمة تتلخص فى الاتى
                          اعداد وثيقة تتحدث عن رسول الله
                          ترجمة هذه الوثيقة
                          ارسالها الى اكثر عدد ممكن الى الاوربيين
                          تلك هى مهمتنا
                          ان نعرف العالم كله
                          من خلال وثيقة
                          من هو محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم
                          نذكر مناقب هذا الرجل وصفاته
                          وشهادة بعض الكفار له
                          والادلة على صدقه
                          وكيف ان الاسلام بقى سالما بدون تحريف
                          كما وقع للاديان الاخرى من تحريفات
                          وكيف صنع رسول الله
                          صلى الله عليه وسلم
                          بأمة كانت ترعى الغنم
                          الى امة اهتزت لها ارجاء العالم كله
                          فى وقت قصير
                          اخى الكريم
                          اختى الكريمة
                          تلك هى مهمتنا
                          فها هى الوثيقة التى تتحدث عن محمد
                          صلى الله عليه وسلم
                          ............ ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ........

                          مختصر المطوية
                          يجب أن تعرف هذا الرجل
                          تتحدث المطوية الموجهة أصلا إلى الكفار عن محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم فتترجم له ترجمة مختصرة ثم تذكر مناقبه وشهادة بعض الكفار له والأدلة على صدقه وكيف بقي دين الإسلام سالما من التحريف كما وقع في غيره من الأديان وكيف صنع الرسول صلى الله عليه وسلم أمة استطاعت أن تبني في وقت قصير أكبر دولة يحكمها الإسلام
                          In The Name Of Allaah,
                          Most Gracious, Most Merciful
                          YOU MUST KNOW THIS MAN


                          (May peace and blessings of God Almighty be upon him)

                          You may be an atheist or an agnostic; or you may belong to anyone of the religious denominations that exist in the world today. You may be a Communist or a believer in democracy and freedom. No matter what you are, and no matter what your religious and political beliefs, personal and social habits happen to be -YOU MUST STILL KNOW THIS MAN!
                          He was by far the most remarkable man that ever set foot on this earth. He preached a religion, founded a state, built a nation, laid down a moral code, initiated numberless social and political reforms, established a dynamic and powerful society to practice and represent his teachings, and completely revolutionized the worlds of human thought and action for all times to come.
                          HIS NAME IS MUHAMMAD, peace and blessings of Almighty God be upon him and he accomplished all these wonders in the unbelievably short span of twenty-three years.
                          Muhammad, peace and blessings of God Almighty be upon him was born in Arabia on the 20th of August, in the year 570 of the Christian era, and when he died after 63 years, the whole of the Arabian Peninsula had changed from paganism and idol-worship to the worship of One God; from tribal quarrels and wars to national solidarity and cohesion; from drunkenness and debauchery to sobriety and piety; from lawlessness and anarchy to disciplined living; from utter moral bankruptcy to the highest standards of moral excellence. Human history has never known such a complete transformation of a people or a place before or since!
                          The Encyclopedia Britannica calls him "the most successful of all religious personalities of the world". Bernard Shaw said about him that if Muhammad were alive today he would succeed in solving all those problems which threaten to destroy human civilization in our times. Thomas Carlysle was simply amazed as to how one man, single-handedly, could weld warring tribes and wandering Bedouins into a most powerful and civilized nation in less than two decades. Napoleon and Gandhi never tired of dreaming of a society along the lines established by this man in Arabia fourteen centuries ago.
                          Indeed no other human being ever accomplished so much, in such diverse fields of human thought and behavior, in so limited a space of time, as did Muhammad, peace and blessings of God Almighty be upon him. He was a religious teacher, a social reformer, a moral guide, a political thinker, a military genius, an administrative colossus, a faithful friend, a wonderful companion, a devoted husband, a loving father - all in one. No other man in history ever excelled or equaled him in any of these difficult departments of life.
                          The world has had its share of great personalities. But these were one sided figures who distinguished themselves in but one or two fields such as religious thought or military leadership. None of the other great leaders of the world ever combined in himself so many different qualities to such an amazing level of perfection as did Muhammad, peace and blessings of God Almighty be upon him.
                          The lives and teachings of other great personalities of the world are shrouded in the mist of time. There is so much speculation about the time and the place of their birth, the mode and style of their life, the nature and detail of their teachings and the degree and measure of their success or failure that it is impossible for humanity today to reconstruct accurately and precisely the lives and teachings of those men.
                          Not so this man Muhammad, peace and blessings of God Almighty be upon him. Not only was he born in the fullest blaze of recorded history, but every detail of his private and public life, of his actions and utterances, has been accurately documented and faithfully preserved to our day. The authenticity of the information so preserved is vouched for not only by faithful followers but also by unbiased critics and open-minded scholars.
                          At the level of ideas there is no system of thought and belief-secular or religious, social or political-which could surpass or equal ISLAAM- the system which Muhammad peace and blessings of God Almighty be upon him propounded. In a fast changing world, while other systems have undergone profound transformations, Islaam alone has remained above all change and mutation, and retained its original form for the past 1400 years. What is more, the positive changes that are taking place in the world of human thought and behavior, truly and consistently reflect the healthy influence of Islam in these areas. Further, it is not given to the best of thinkers to put their ideas completely into practice, and to see the seeds of their labors grow and bear fruit, in their own lifetime. Except of course, Muhammad, peace and blessings of God Almighty be upon him, who not only preached the most wonderful ideas but also successfully translated each one of them into practice in his own lifetime. At the time of his death his teachings were not mere precepts and ideas straining for fulfillment, but had become the very core of the life of tens of thousands of perfectly trained individuals, each one of whom was a marvelous personification of everything that Muhammad peace and blessings of God Almighty be upon him taught and stood for. At what other time or place and in relation to what other political, social, religious system, philosophy or ideology-did the world ever witness such a perfectly amazing phenomenon?
                          Indeed no other system or ideology secular or religious, social or political, ancient or modern - could ever claim the distinction of having been put into practice in its fullness and entirety EVEN ONCE in this world, either before or after the death of its founder. Except of course ISLAAM, the ideology preached by Muhammad, peace and blessings of God Almighty be upon him which was established as a complete way of life by the teacher himself, before he departed from this world. History bears testimony to this fact and the greatest skeptics have no option but to concede this point.
                          In spite of these amazing achievements and in spite of the countless absolutely convincing and authentic miracles performed by him and the phenomenal success which crowned his efforts, he did not for a moment claim to be God or God's incarnation or Son - but only a human being who was chosen and ordained by God to be a teacher of truth to man kind and a complete model and pattern for their actions.
                          He was nothing more or less than a human being. But he was a man with a noble and exalted mission-and his unique mission was to unite humanity on the worship of ONE AND ONLY GOD and to teach them the way to honest and upright living in accordance with the laws and commands of God. He always described himself as A MESSENGER AND SERVANT OF GOD, and so indeed every single action and movement of his proclaimed him to be.
                          A world which has not hesitated to raise to Divinity individuals whose very lives and missions have been lost in legend and who historically speaking did not accomplish half as much-or even one tenth-as was accomplished by Muhammad, peace and blessings of God Almighty be upon him should stop to take serious note of this remarkable man's claim to be God's messenger to mankind.
                          Today after the lapse of some 1400 years the life and teachings of Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings of God Almighty be upon him, have survived without the slightest loss, alteration or interpolation. Today they offer the same undying hope for treating mankind's many ills which they did when Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings of God Almighty be upon him, was alive. This is our honest claim and this is the inescapable conclusion forced upon us by a critical and unbiased study of history.
                          The least YOU should do as a thinking, sensitive, concerned human being is to stop for one brief moment and ask yourself: Could it be that these statements, extraordinary and revolutionary as they sound, are really true? Supposing they really are true, and you did not know this man Muhammad, peace and blessings of God Almighty be upon him or hear about his teachings? Or did not know him well and intimately enough to be able to benefit from his guidance and example? Isn't it time you responded to this tremendous challenge and made some effort to know him? It will not cost you anything but it may well prove to be the beginning of a completely new era in your life.
                          Come, let us make a new discovery of the life of this wonderful man Muhammad, peace and blessings of God Almighty be upon him the like of whom never walked on this earth, and whose example and teachings can change YOUR LIFE and OUR WORLD for the better. May God shower His choicest blessings upon him!
                          Written by S.H. Pasha

                          كل ما عليك
                          هو الاتى
                          انشر هذه الرسالة الى اكبر عدد ممكن
                          من الاشخاص
                          انشر الوثيقة الانجليزية فقط
                          فى رسالة منفصلة
                          الى اى اوربى تعرفه ولا تعرفه على قدر الامكان
                          سلام الله عليكم
                          واعتز فى النهايه لوضع الرد فى المكان غير المناسب